The air waybill (AWB) is the most important document issued by an international airline carrier either directly or through its authorized agent. It is a non-negotiable transport document that covers transport of cargo from airport to airport. By accepting a shipment, an International Air Transport Association (IATA) cargo agent is acting on behalf of the carrier whose air waybill is issued.
Being able to uniquely generate a tracking ID helps to locate the shipment for any business entity involved in transportation. This process can be managed within the SAP Transportation Management (TM) system using the waybill stock mechanism. The waybill stock can be maintained per the business partner and organization combination along with the prefix used to add in the beginning of the number generated.
An AWB consists of two types of waybill stock generation:
- House air waybill (HAWB): A house air waybill is issued by a freight forwarder on receipt of goods from a shipper agreeing to deliver goods at a destination. Sales Organization of the Freight Forwarder and Shipper (ordering Party) as Business Partner
- Master air waybill (MAWB): A master air waybill is issued by a main carrier on receipt of goods from a freight forwarder to deliver goods at destination per agreed-upon terms. Purchase Organization of the Freight Forwarder and Carrier as Business Partner.
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